Bones are one of the most important parts of the human body. They not only provide structural support to the muscles. Bones protect vital organs such as the brain, heart and lungs.
According to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, bones are shaped by collagen and hardened by calcium phosphate – both of which provide strength and flexibility. Bones are connected by tendons and ligaments, which allow mobility and act as shock absorbers.
Bone fractures and injuries to the joints and spine can be very painful. Bone injuries can also hinder the body’s ability to move and function properly. Bone diseases such as osteoporosis reduce density in the bones, making them more likely to break. People of all ages and levels of health are affected by bone-related injuries and diseases.
Who treats bone injuries and conditions?
Bone doctors – medically known as orthopedic surgeons and doctors – specialize in treating health conditions involving the bones, joints, and spine. They often treat:
- Musculoskeletal conditions caused by inflammation and repetitive stress – tendinitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, osteoarthritis, spinal injuries
- Breaks and sprains – Common causes include sports injuries, car accidents, work accidents, and other injuries.
- Diseases affecting the bones and joints – Including arthritis, osteoporosis, cancer and infections.
What kind of treatment do orthopedic surgeons provide?
An orthopedic surgeon may provide casting, physical therapy, or surgery, depending on the severity of your condition.
Before any treatment decisions are made, an MRI is usually conducted to examine the bones, spine, and musculoskeletal system. Your doctor will check for factures, dislocations, structural abnormalities, herniations, and signs of bone-related diseases.
For something as minor as a sprain, medication may be prescribed to treat pain and inflammation. Patients may then need to apply ice, elevate the location of injury, and rest until the sprain has healed.
Severe sprains, bone fractures, and dislocations may require surgery, including:
- Fracture repair – Using metal plates, screws, and pins to hold the broken bones in place.
- Soft tissue repair – Reconnecting torn tendons and ligaments.
- Joint replacement – Using prosthesis to replace damaged joints.
- Spinal fusion – Joining two damaged vertebrae together to form a single bone.
- Osteotomy – Correcting bone deformities by shortening or lengthening bones.
- Arthroscopic surgery – Using a small camera to diagnose an injury or disease within the bone structure.
When is physical therapy required for a bone injury?
Physical therapy may be necessary, whether or not a patient undergoes surgery. Your orthopedic surgeon may refer you to a qualified physical therapist. This process may include:
- Stretching and regaining flexibility
- Strength training
- Exercises to regain mobility and range of motion
- Endurance training
Physical therapy may also help manage long-term health conditions affecting the bones, joints, and spine.
How to schedule an appointment with an orthopedic surgeon
Don’t let an injury or health condition affect the quality of your life. The qualified, New York orthopedic surgeons at IMC Bone Doc – including Dr. Barry Jupiter in New York City – specialize in treating sports injuries, providing medical care for workers’ compensation, and providing short and long-term care for all injuries and diseases affecting the bones.
If you were hurt, our doctors would like to meet with you. Call us at 1-888-BONE-DOC (266-3362) or contact us online to get started. Many of our New York orthopedic surgeons have immediate appointments available the same day at one of our seven, New York locations.